EU green public procurement (GPP) criteria are designed to make it easier for public authorities to purchase goods, services and works with reduced environmental impacts. The use of the criteria is voluntary. The criteria are formulated in such a way that they can, if deemed appropriate by the individual authority, be (partially or fully) integrated into the authority’s tender documents with minimal editing. Before publishing a call for tender, public authorities are advised to check the available offer of the goods, services and works they plan to purchase on the market where they are operating. When a contracting authority intends to use the criteria suggested in this document, it shall do so in a manner which ensures compliance with the requirements of EU public procurement legislation (see, for instance, Articles 42, 43, 67(2) or 68 of Directive 2014/24/EU1 and similar provisions in other EU public procurement legislation). Practical reflections on this matter are also provided in the 2016 handbook on buying green, available at http://ec.europa.eu/environment/gpp/buying_handbook_en.htm.
Contracting authorities should also be aware of the fact that public procurers for central government institutions are obliged, under Article 6 of the Energy Efficiency Directive2, to purchase only products that comply with energy efficiency benchmarks specified in implementing measures if a product is covered by such an implementing measure under the Ecodesign Directive3. With regards to road lighting, Regulation 245/20094 is currently in force and will be later repealed by a new Commission Regulation. The current draft proposal5 does set luminous efficacy requirements for LED lighting (120 lm/W) that are not more stringent than those specified in the EU GPP criteria.
This document provides the EU GPP criteria for the product group ‘road lighting and traffic signals’.
The environmental aspects covered by EU GPP criteria for road lighting are split into three broad sections: energy consumption, light pollution and lifetime. An accompanying technical report and a guidance document provide further rationale supporting the selection of these criteria and references for further information. The procurement of traffic signals is considered separately using criteria that are predominantly centred on life cycle costs.
The criteria are made up of selection criteria, technical specifications, award criteria and contract performance clauses. They may be divided into two levels:
•Core criteria — these are designed for easy application of GPP, focusing on the key area(s) of environmental performance of a product and aimed at keeping administrative costs for companies to a minimum.
•Comprehensive criteria — whichtake into account more aspects or higher levels of environmental performance, for use by any authorities that want to go further in supporting environmental and innovation goals.
The wording ‘same for core and comprehensive criteria’ appears if the criteria are identical for both categories.
Road lighting equipment within the scope of the product group may vary substantially in nature and is rapidly evolving. For this reason, a number of criteria carry conditional clauses stating the circumstances under which the criteria should be considered relevant enough to include in the invitation to tender (ITT).
The criteria contained in this document are of potential interest to any public authority that owns or manages road lighting installations and/or needs to procure new road lighting equipment. Ultimately, national or regional planning laws determine whether a road needs to be lit and, if so, to what light level (see Figure 15 in the technical report). Prior to deciding on publishing any call for tender, it is strongly recommended that the public authority assesses any current lighting equipment used in its infrastructure and compares the existing technical performance and cost factors with products available on the market. If a preliminary life cycle cost indicates that major savings in energy/maintenance costs are possible, incorporating EU GPP criteria becomes especially relevant. Depending on the situation (e.g. new installation, retrofit and redesign of an installation, simple retrofit of an installation, retrofit of controls only, or like-for-like relamping only), different criteria assume different degrees of relevance (see Figure 4 in the technical report).