New emerging technologies, such as automated vehicles, big data and sharing mobility are significantly changing and revolutionize the individual and collective mobility focusing on new personalized and customized services. This new phase is challenging how the current transport system is organized and operates and how the transition can be managed catching all the benefits and limiting the negative effects. In this scenario, public authorities are called to assume a new regulatory role that can combine technological pushes with the real needs of citizens.
This is the case of the City of Torino, the first city in Italy to promote the “Torino Smart Road initiative”, a challenging project with the aim to test and allow self-driving cars to run on urban roads in order to have an urban mobility more innovative, greener, safer and more security. In order to make Torino the national “laboratory city” for autonomous and connected driving in urban environment, the Italian Ministry of Infrastructures and Transport signed a specific Memorandum of Understanding with the Municipality in July 2018.
The territory of Torino is rich in companies, university depart-ments and R&D institutions active in the fields of automotive, components, telecommunications, sensors, advanced elec-tronics and artificial intelligence. The project, by the, supports dialogue and cooperation between these stakeholders for many reasons: first, to preserve and strengthen the local pub-lic and private ecosystem on innovation in the field of mobility and transport; secondly, to enhance existing know-how and in the end, to attract new companies. But the main focus for the Municipality is to involve its citizens in this process designing new business and social models for the city.
The City of Torino, with a Deliberation of City Council, has committed itself in promoting a Torino Smart Road MoU with all the partners for sharing a common interest in the project. Nowadays, the project involves 33 partners: 5T, FCA, GTT, General Motors, Magneti Marelli, Mercedes-Benz consulting, Adient, ItalDesign, CSI SpA, Fev, Bylogix, Mobileye, I-Mobility Garage (Navya distributor), Objective Software, VisLab, Tim, Intel, Openfiber, Swarco Mizar, SM Optics, Politecnico di Torino, Università degli Studi di Torino, Torino Wireless, Istituto Superiore Mario Boella, UnipolSai, Anfia, Unione Industriale, Amma, Blue Engineering, Tecnositaf, INRIX, Accenture. Moreover, the Municipality has authorised a 35 km circuit of urban streets augmented to create a real-world testing ground for autonomous vehicles and driver-assistance systems. Along the route, the city and its partners are installing 5G mobile internet infrastructure to enable V2V (Vehicle to Vehicle) and V2I (Vehicle to Infrastructure) communication, an array of 72 smart traffic lights, and dedicated cloud-computing servers close to the network. The City is indeed supported by its special company 5T that manages the Mobility Centre of the City of Turin with highly specialized experience in Intelligent Transport Systems. From the pioneering early ‘90s solutions, 5T has designed and deployed, and currently operates urban mobility services as: traffic monitoring and control (covering over 300 controlled intersections), Low Emission Zone control and real-time traveller information services.
Fuente de la noticia (página 13): https://www.irf.global/assets/pdf/2019-GRAA-BOWP-WEB.pdf